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My work on pretense
and imagination

I have been working on the topic of pretense and imagination from the perspective of embodied and enactive cognition. I provide a novel enactive account of pretend play and strongly embodied imagination.

Rucińska, Z. (in press). Enactive Imagination: Its Roots and Contemporary Horizons. In G. Wellner, G. Dierckxsens & M. Arienti (Eds.), The Philosophy of Imagination: Technology, Art, Ethics. Bloomsbury.


Rucińska, Z. & Weichold, M. (2022). The Roles of Language in Pretend Play: A Praxeological Enactivist Approach. Journal of Applied Psycholinguistics 22 (2), 17-29.

Rucińska, Z. & Weichold, M. (2022). Pretense and imagination from the perspective of 4E cognitive science: introduction to the special issue. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. 21(5), 989-1001.

Weichold, M. & Rucińska, Z. (2022). Pretense as alternative sense-making: a praxeological enactivist account. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 21(5), 1131-1156.


Weichold, M., & Rucińska, Z. (2022). Praxeological Enactivism vs. Radical Enactivism: Reply to Hutto. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 21(5), 1177-1182.

Rucińska, Z. (2022). Imaginary friend play in light of enactivism. Theory & Psychology 32(2), 202–220.

Rucińska, Z. (2022). Can role-playing be wrong? An analysis of normativity of play from the perspective of the Enactive Cognitive Science. In Koubová, A., Urban, P., Russell, W., & MacLean, M. (Eds.). Play and Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives (pp. 51-69). New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780367641276

Rucińska, Z. & Gallagher, S. (2021). Making imagination even more embodied: imagination, constraint and epistemic relevance. Synthese 199, pp. 8143–8170.

DOI: 10.1007/s11229-021-03156-x


Rucińska, Z., Fondelli, T. & Gallagher, S. (2021). Embodied Imagination and Metaphor Use in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Healthcare, 9, 200. healthcare9020200

Gallagher, S., & Rucińska, Z. (2021). Prospecting performance: rehearsal and the nature of imagination. Synthese, 199 (1-2), 4523-4541.

Rucińska, Z. (2019). Social and Enactive Perspectives on Pretending. Avant, Vol. X, No. 3 

Rucińska, Z. (2019). Pretense and the Enactivist Explanatory Reversal. The Junkyard: A scholarly blog devoted to the study of imagination. (Ed. A. Kind). Published online on 27.11.2019.

Rucińska, Z. (2017). The Role of Affordances in Pretend Play. In C. Durt, T. Fuchs, & C. Tewes (Eds.), Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World (pp. 257-277). MIT Press. 

Rucińska, Z. (2016). What Guides Pretence? Towards the Interactive and the Narrative Approaches. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15: 117-133. 


Rucińska, Z. (2016). Enactive Mechanism of Make-Belief Games. In P. Turner (Ed.), Digital Make-Believe (pp. 141-160). Springer International Publishing. 

Rucińska, Z. and Reijmers, E. (2015). Enactive Account of Pretend Play and its Application to Therapy. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 175. Published online on 2 Mar 2015. 


Rucińska, Z. (2015). Pretence: Role of Representations and Intersubjectivity? Doctoral Thesis. University of Hertfordshire, UK.

Rucińska, Z. (2014). Basic Pretending as Sensorimotor Engagement? Lessons from Sensorimotor Theory for the Debate on Pretence. In J.M. Bishop & A.O. Martin (Eds.) Contemporary Sensorimotor Theory: A brief introduction (pp. 175-187). Springer International Publishing. 

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